In tomographic image reconstruction, the object density function is the unknown quantity whose projections are measured by the scanner. In the three-dimensional (3D) case, we define the D-reflection of such a density function as the object obtained by a particular weighted reflection about the plane z = D, and a D-symmetric function as one whose D-reflection is equal to itself. D-symmetric object functions have the curious property that their parallel projection onto the detector plane z = D is equal to their cone-beam projection onto the same detector with x-ray source location at the origin. Much more remarkable is the additional fact that for any fixed D-symmetric object, every oblique parallel projection onto this same detector plane equals the cone-beam projection for a corresponding source location. The mathematical proof is straight forward but not particularly enlightening, and we also provide here an alternative physical demonstration that explains the various weighting terms in the context of classical tomosynthesis. Furthermore, we clarify the distinction between the new formulation presented here, and the original formulation of Edholm and co-workers who obtained similar properties but for a pair of objects whose divergent and parallel projections matched, but with no D-symmetry. We do not claim any immediate imaging application or useful physics from these notions, but we briefly comment on consequences for methods that apply data consistency conditions in image reconstruction.
Rolf Clackdoyle, Simon Rit. Equal parallel and cone-beam projections: a curious property of D-symmetric object functions. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 2023, 68 (17), pp.175048. ⟨10.1088/1361-6560/ace94f⟩. ⟨hal-04170369⟩