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Article dans une revue
Theoretical models in mechanics of the left ventricle.
Abstract : Different rheological concepts and theoretical studies have been recently presented using models of myocardial mechanics. Complex analysis of the mechanical behavior of the left ventricular wall have been developed in order to estimate the local stresses and deformations that occur during the heart cycle as well as the ventricular stroke volume and pressure. Theoretical models have taken into account non-linear and viscoelastic passive properties of the myocardium tissue, when subjected to large deformations, through given strain energy functions or stress-strain relations. Different prolate spheroid geometries have been considered for such thick shell cardiac structure. During the active state of the contraction, the rheological behavior of the fibers has been described using different muscle models and relationships between fiber tension and strain, and activation degree. A forthcoming approach for bridging the gap between the knowledge of the muscle fiber microrheological properties and the study of the mechanical behavior of the entire ventricle, consists in including anisotropic and inhomogeneous effects through fiber direction field.