SUMMARY In angiosperms, flower patterning requires the localized expression of the APETALA3 ( AP3 ) floral homeotic gene involved in petal and stamen development. AP3 is synergistically induced by the master transcription factor (TF) LEAFY (LFY) and the F-box protein UNUSUAL FLORAL ORGANS (UFO), but the molecular mechanism underlying this synergy has remained unknown. Here we show that the connection to ubiquitination pathways suggested by the F-box domain of UFO is mostly dispensable for its function and that UFO instead acts by forming a transcriptional complex with LFY and binds to newly discovered regulatory elements. Cryo-electron microscopy explains how a LFY-UFO complex forms on these novel DNA sites due to direct interaction of UFO with LFY and DNA. Finally, we show that this complex has a deep evolutionary origin, largely predating flowering plants. This work reveals a novel mechanism of an F-box protein in directly modulating the DNA-binding specificity of a master TF.
Dates et versions
hal-03808419 , version 1 (10-10-2022)
Philippe Rieu, Laura Turchi, Emmanuel Thévenon, Eleftherios Zarkadas, Max Nanao, et al.. The F-box cofactor UFO redirects the LEAFY floral regulator to novel cis -elements. 2022. ⟨hal-03808419⟩