Daunorubicin and Its Active Metabolite Pharmacokinetic Profiles in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia Patients: A Pharmacokinetic Ancillary Study of the BIG-1 Trial - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Pharmaceutics Année : 2022

Daunorubicin and Its Active Metabolite Pharmacokinetic Profiles in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia Patients: A Pharmacokinetic Ancillary Study of the BIG-1 Trial

Marie Briet

Résumé

Daunorubicin pharmacokinetics (PK) are characterised by an important inter-individual variability, which raises questions about the optimal dose regimen in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia. The aim of the study is to assess the joint daunorubicin/daunorubicinol PK profile and to define an optimal population PK study design. Fourteen patients were enrolled in the PK ancillary study of the BIG-1 trial and 6–8 samples were taken up to 24 h after administration of the first dose of daunorubicin (90 mg/m2/day). Daunorubicin and daunorubicinol quantifications were assessed using a validated liquid chromatography technique coupled with a fluorescence detector method. Data were analysed using a non-compartmental approach and non-linear mixed effects modelling. Optimal sampling strategy was proposed using the R function PFIM. The median daunorubicin and daunorubicinol AUC0-tlast were 577 ng/mL·hr (Range: 375–1167) and 2200 ng/mL·hr (range: 933–4683), respectively. The median metabolic ratio was 0.32 (range: 0.1–0.44). Daunorubicin PK was best described by a three-compartment parent, two-compartment metabolite model, with a double first-order transformation of daunorubicin to metabolite. Body surface area and plasma creatinine had a significant impact on the daunorubicin and daunorubicinol PK. A practical optimal population design has been derived from this model with five sampling times per subject (0.5, 0.75, 2, 9, 24 h) and this can be used for a future population PK study.
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hal-03822470 , version 1 (20-06-2023)

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Guillaume Drevin, Marie Briet, Caroline Bazzoli, Emmanuel Gyan, Aline Schmidt, et al.. Daunorubicin and Its Active Metabolite Pharmacokinetic Profiles in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia Patients: A Pharmacokinetic Ancillary Study of the BIG-1 Trial. Pharmaceutics, 2022, 14 (4), pp.792. ⟨10.3390/pharmaceutics14040792⟩. ⟨hal-03822470⟩
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